What is a Colombian Marriage Visa?

What is the Colombian Marriage visa?

The Colombian Marriage visa (M-1) is a migrant visa. It is intended for foreigners who are married to a Colombian man or a woman or those who already have a Colombian spouse or permanent partner. The Colombia marriage visa is quite easy to get. It allows living, working, and studying in Colombia. After two years, holders can apply for a resident visa.

Previously known as the TP-10 visa, the Colombia marriage or permanent partnership visa was valid for three years. After that, you could apply for a resident (R) visa. However, in December 2017, the Colombian government changed the visa’s name to Migrant (M) visa of category one or M-1 visa. The M-1 visa has the same validity period as the TP-10 visa, that is, three years. However, with the new M-1 marriage visa, you can apply for an R visa after only two years. This visa allows you to work, study, and stay in Colombia, just like the previous TP-10 visa.

It’s important to remember that if you have a TP-10 marriage visa, it won’t automatically change to an M-1 marriage visa. You’ll need to wait three years to be eligible for a resident visa. While the M-1 visa allows for multiple entries into Colombia, you must not stay out of the country for more than six consecutive months. If you do, your visa will lose its validity, just like any other migrant visa.

30-day Application Limit: Each visa application “STUDY FEE” is 54.92 USD, valid for only 30 days. Unfortunately, this time frame was put in place over 10 years ago, and most applications do not finish in this period. So, there is a high probability that additional application fees will be charged as required by the government for applications. Most applicants will have to pay at least 2 application fees.

Who is this visa designed for?

If you are married to a Colombian man or woman or have a Colombian spouse or permanent partner, you may be eligible for the Colombian marriage visa, a type of migrant visa. Obtaining this visa is relatively straightforward, as only a few required documents need to be submitted. 

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What Are Colombia Marriage Laws? 

If you’re planning to get married to a Colombian in Colombia, it can be an exciting and thrilling experience. However, you must be aware of the country’s marriage laws before you tie the knot. Here are a few important things you should know before getting married in Colombia.

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Civil Union or Partnership

In Colombia, couples have the option to enter into a civil union or partnership, which is also known as a common law marriage. This type of union is referred to as a “union libre” or “union martial de hecho”. If a couple has lived together for two consecutive years, then this constitutes a legal martial union in Colombia. 

If you require a marriage visa, it is necessary to obtain a written declaration of the civil union in front of a notary. This declaration is called a “declaracion union marital de hecho” and must be documented in a public “escritura”. This document can then be used to obtain a marriage visa. 

Choosing a civil union may be an alternative option to full marriage, as it does not require obtaining certain certificates. However, it is important to note that this process must be handled by an attorney through the court system, as a notary may require a birth certificate. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid obtaining a birth certificate from your home country, which can save you time and money.

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Personal Appearance

In certain cases, it may be necessary for both applicants to appear in person for the first time if the visa application is being processed within the country. This may involve matters related to personal appearance.

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Symbolic Ceremony

If you prefer not to involve a minister, father or any other religious figure in your ceremony, then a symbolic ceremony would be a great option for you. Even if you don’t have all the required foreign papers, you can still have a symbolic ceremony. In case the notary is not available to attend the ceremony, a professional presenter can step in to officiate the ceremony.

According to the latest visa resolution 5477, it is mandatory for all Migrant visa holders to spend at least 180 days in Colombia to maintain the validity of their visa. If you are absent from Colombia for more than 180 days, your visa may be revoked by Migracion Colombia officials upon your return. However, if you are granted entry with a stamp, you may be allowed to enter the country as a tourist after your visa is cancelled.

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Same Sex Civil Unions

In Colombia, individuals in same-sex relationships are allowed to enter into civil unions or partnerships. As a result, they are entitled to apply for and receive marriage visas in Colombia.

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Inventory of Assets

Before getting married in Colombia, it is important to note that if one of the parents involved has minors, it is necessary to have an attorney create an inventory of their assets. This list should be approved by a judge prior to the wedding. If not done properly, this process can take up to a month.

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Prenuptial Agreements

In Colombia, couples can establish prenuptial agreements called “capitulaciones matrimoniales” before their wedding day. These agreements require the expertise of a seasoned lawyer who can create a document that includes clauses to dissolve assets and safeguard future claims. It’s important to consult with a reliable lawyer in Colombia to ensure that you have a prenuptial agreement that meets your specific needs. 

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Correct legalization of documents

It is crucial to ensure that all necessary documents are properly legalized before arriving in Colombia. This is why seeking the assistance of a reputable visa agency is highly recommended. Failure to do so may result in various issues such as expired documents, incorrect or missing stamps, poorly worded certifications, and invalid documents, which can all cause unnecessary delays and complications.

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Community Property Country

It is crucial to be aware that Colombia follows the community property system. This means that any assets obtained after marriage are divided equally between partners. This applies to both marriages and civil partnerships. In Colombia, individuals who have lived with their partner for more than two years have almost the same rights as a spouse. However, assets acquired prior to marriage or civil union are not subject to division when the union is dissolved. 

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Bia is in charge or registering and issuing corporate certificates, and acts. Each city has its own local regioinal office. For example in Medellin the link to the chamber of commerce.

The Colombian tax entity is  the DIAN, who is in charge of corporate and personal taxes. The link to the Dian.

What Documents Are Required For Colombia Marriage Visa?

The following documents are required for M-1 marriage visa

Inventory of Assets

If you are a parent living in Colombia and need to take stock of your assets, it’s important to approach the process with care. This can be a time-consuming task that may take up to a month if not done correctly. However, our office can assist you with expediting this process so that you can get it done more efficiently.

Passport Photocopy

It is necessary to provide a copy of the first page of your current passport which displays your biographical details. You may provide a photocopy of either the color or black and white version.

Proof of Legal Entry

It is important to provide a copy of the page in your passport that shows the last entry or departure stamp from Colombia as proof of legal entry.

Photocopy of Previously Issued Visa
If you have been issued a visa for Colombia before, such as a student or retirement visa, you will need to provide a photocopy of this visa.

Migration Certificate

You may obtain a Migration Certificate from Migracion Colombia, which will provide a record of your entries and exits from Colombia within the past 5 years.

Letter from Spouse

To apply for the visa, you’ll need a notarized letter from your Colombian spouse or permanent partner, granting you legal power to do so.

Cedula Photocopy

Notarized copy of the cedula of the Colombian spouse or permanent partner.

Marriage Certificate

To apply for a Colombia Marriage Visa , you will need to provide your marriage certificate or a notarized copy of it. The certificate must have been issued within 90 days prior to your Colombia visa application.

Passport photo

For your passport application, you’ll need a clear photo of your face with a white background. The photo should be 3 cm wide and 4 cm high, and saved as a maximum 300 kb jpg file for online submission.

Health Insurance

It is mandatory to have health insurance that covers all possible risks, including the repatriation of the body to the home country in the event of death. The insurance can be either from Colombia or from another country.

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